The President and Federal Power
Directions: Read all of Article II. Then look carefully at the sections which include the phrases below. Define each phrase and explain how it defines the executive power.
1. ARTICLE I, SECTION 7
…[I]f he approve he shall sign [a bill], but if not he shall return it…
2. ARTICLE II, SECTION 1
The executive power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America….
3. ARTICLE II, SECTION 1
He shall take the following oath or affirmation:—“I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States.”
4. ARTICLE II, SECTION 3
He shall from time to time give to the Congress information of the state of the union, and recommend to their consideration such measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient…
5. ARTICLE II, SECTION 3
[H]e shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed…
6. ARTICLE II, SECTION 4
The President…shall be removed from office on impeachment for, and conviction of, treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors.
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Constitution of the United States of America (1787)
The Constitution was written in the summer of 1787 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, by delegates from 12 states, in order to replace the Articles of Confederation with a new form of government. It created a federal system with a national government composed of 3 separated powers, and included both reserved and concurrent powers of states.