ANSWER KEY: The Selfless Defenders of Wake Island
Before Class Questions:
All answers may vary. Answers should be well reasoned and use evidence from the readings as support. Sample answers are below.
- What was happening in the Pacific in the 1930’s
- The Empire of Japan was attempting to expand their influence across the Pacific. The United States, concerned by this expansion, began to tighten trade restrictions with the Empire of Japan. These tensions eventually led to the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor,
- What happened on December 7, 1941
- The Japanese attacked the American naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii
- What is the objective of the poster?
- The poster is meant to inspire and motivate the citizens of the United States for the war effort.
- How does the poster attempt to achieve this objective?
- The poster does so by inspiring Americans to feel pride in their resistance to the attack and fuel a desire for revenge against the Japanese for the unprovoked attack. This is evident from the brave looking Uncle Sam character boldly shaking his fist at the Japanese aircraft as the fly away. The burning ships in the background show the damage that was inflicted but the Uncle Sam character shows that not everything was destroyed.
- Do you believe it is effective?
- Answers may be yes or no but should be well reasoned.
- Where is Wake Island and who occupied it in 1941?
- Wake Island is a remote atoll located in the Pacific Ocean. It was Occupied by the United States as a military outpost in 1941.
- What was the outcome of the battle?
- The Americans were successful in defending the island from the initial Japanese assault but were overrun when the Japanese returned on December 23, 1941.
- Imagine you are one of the soldiers on Wake Island. You know the coming battle will likely end in your death or capture. What is your motivation for fighting? How do you think your actions might motivate others?
- Answers will vary but good answers will reference fighting for their fellow soldiers and/or for the general cause of defending the United States.
- How did the actions of the soldiers and civilians on Wake Island help advance the American war effort?
- The fight on Wake Island demonstrated the resilience of the American soldiers and gave hope to the American people that victory was possible. It also served as a rallying cry for the American cause.
- How can selfless actions help advance a cause?
- Answers will vary but should be well reasoned.